
2017 (top)
[281] 
C. Zhou, R. LeSar, and M. De Graef. “Combining Discrete Dislocation Dynamics with Electron Microscopy Image Simulations”. Ultramicroscopy (2017 (in preparation)). 
[280] 
C. Phatak, A.K. PetfordLong and M. De Graef. "Breakdown of magnetic domains in multiferroics: from bubbles to confined skyrmions". (2017 (in preparation)). 
[279] 
J. Lammatao, L. Chan, T. Owens, M. De Graef and Y. Picard. "Elastic strain sensitivity determination for zeroorder and higherorder Laue zone line shifts in Si (001) electron channeling patterns". Microscopy and Microanalysis (2017 (in preparation)). 
[278] 
A. Wang, A. Leff, S. Singh, M. Taheri, and M. De Graef. "A dictionarybased indexing method for precession electron diffraction patterns". Microscopy and Microanalysis (2017 (in preparation)). 
[277] 
S. Subedi, S. Singh, A.D. Rollett, and M. De Graef. "A dictionary approach to automated indexing of EBSD patterns in finely twinned microstructures". Acta Materialia (2017 (in preparation)). 
[276] 
M.L. Bowers, M.J. Mills, and M. De Graef. “Simulated Kossel patterns as a tool for STEM diffraction contrast zone axis selection”. Ultramicroscopy (2017 (in preparation)). 
[275] 
S. Singh, F. Ram, and M. De Graef. “Accurate Determination of EBSD Detector Parameters and Sample Misalignment Using Dynamically Simulated Patterns”. Microsc. MicroAnal. (2017 (in preparation)). 
[274] 
E. Pascal, S. Singh, P.G. Callahan, and M. De Graef. “EnergyWeighted Dynamical Scattering Simulations of BackScattered Electron Diffraction Modalities”. Ultramicroscopy (2017 (in preparation)). 
[273] 
S. Singh, P. Kc, and M. De Graef. “A Model Based Iterative Reconstruction Algorithm for Pole Figure Inversion”. J. Appl. Crystal. (2017 (in preparation)). 
[272] 
P.G. Callahan, J.C. Stinville, E. Yao, M. Echlin, S. Daly, D.S. Gianola, M. De Graef, and T.M. Pollock. “Scanning Transmission Electron Microscopy using a Conventional Scanning Electron Microscope: Defect Observations and Image Simulations”. Ultramicroscopy (2017 (submitted)). 
[271] 
S. Singh, F. Ram, and M. De Graef. “Application of Forward Models to Crystal Orientation Refinement”. J. Appl. Crystall. (2017 (submitted)). 
[270] 
P.G. Callahan, M. Echlin, T.M. Pollock, F. Ram, S. Singh, and M. De Graef. “3D Texture Visualization Approaches: Applications to Nickel and Titanium Alloys”. J. Appl. Crystal. (2017 (in press)). 
[269] 
K.A. Mohan, P. Kc, C. Phatak, M. De Graef, and C. Bouman. “ModelBased Iterative Reconstruction of Magnetization using Vector Field Electron Tomography”. IEEE Trans. Comp. Im. (2017 (submitted)). 
[268] 
P. Kc, K.A. Mohan, C. Phatak, C. Bouman, and M. De Graef. “3D Reconstruction of the Magnetic Vector Potential using Model Based Iterative Reconstruction”. Ultramicroscopy 182, 131144 (2017). 
[267] 
R. Mahbub, T. Hsu, W.K. Epting, N.T. Nuhfer, G.A. Hackett, H. Abernathy, A.D. Rollett, M. De Graef, S. Litster, and P.A. Salvador. "A method for quantitative 3D mesoscale analysis of solid oxide fuel cell microstructures using Xeplasma focused ion beam (PFIB) coupled with SEM", ECS Transactions, 78, 21592170 (2017). 
[266] 
J. Wittkamper, Z. Xu, B. Kombaiah, F. Ram, M. De Graef, J.R. Kitchin, G.S. Rohrer, and P.A. Salvador. "Competitive Growth of αPbO2 and Rutile Polymorphs of SnO2 on Different Orientations of Columbite CoNb2O6 Substrates", Crystal Growth & Design (2017 (in press)). 
[265] 
S. Singh, A. Leff, M. Taheri, and M. De Graef. "Applications of Forward Modeling to Refinement of Grain Orientations", Microscopy and MicroAnalysis, 23:S1, 594595 (2017). 
[264] 
M. Li, M. De Graef, and V. Sokalski. "Lorentz TEM image simulations of Dzyaloshinskii domain walls under an inplane magnetic field", Microscopy and MicroAnalysis, 23:S1, 17341735 (2017). 
[263] 
I. Kashyap, J.A. Floro, Y. Jin, and M. De Graef. "Aberration Corrected Lorentz Microscopy to Investigate Magnetic Domain Walls in CoPt NanoChessboards", Microscopy and MicroAnalysis, 23:S1, 454455 (2017). 
[262] 
J. Tessmer, S. Singh, Y. Picard, and M. De Graef. "Automated Acquisition and Analysis of Selected Area Electron Channeling Patterns in an FEGSEM;", Microscopy and MicroAnalysis, 23:S1, 550551 (2017). 
[261] 
J. Tessmer, M. De Graef, and Y. Picard. "Investigating Defect Contrast in GeXSi1x/Si Epitaxial Structures Using Electron Channeling Contrast Imaging", Microscopy and MicroAnalysis, 23:S1, 454455 (2017). 
[260] 
S. Singh, F. Ram, and M. De Graef. "EMsoft: Open Source Software for Electron Diffraction/Image Simulations", Microscopy and MicroAnalysis, 23:S1, 212213 (2017). 
[259] 
S. Singh, K. Marquardt, and M. De Graef. "Accurate Grain and Phase Boundary Location by DictionaryBased Indexing of Geological EBSD Data ", Microscopy and MicroAnalysis, 23:S1, 21562157 (2017). 
[258] 
E. Pascal, S. Singh, B. Houahine, C. TragerCowan, and M. De Graef. "Dynamical Simulations of Transmission Kikuchi Diffraction (TKD) Patterns", Microscopy and MicroAnalysis, 23:S1, 540541 (2017). 
[257] 
F. Ram, S. Singh, S.I Wright and De Graef. "Error Analysis of Crystal Orientations Obtained by the Dictionary Approach to EBSD Indexings", Ultramicroscopy, 181, 1726 (2017). 
[256] 
Marquardt, K. and De Graef, M. and Singh, S. and Marquardt, H. and Rosenthal, A. and Hiraga, T.. "Quantitative electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD) data analyses using the dictionary indexing (DI) approach: overcoming indexing difficulties in geological materials", American Mineralogist, 102, 18431855 (2017). 
[255] 
P.G. Callahan, M.P. Echlin, T.M. Pollock, and M. De Graef. "Reconstruction of LaserInduced Surface Topography from Electron Backscatter Diffraction Patterns", Microscopy & MicroAnalysis, 23, 730740 (2017). 
[254] 
P.G. Callahan, M.P. Echlin, M.A. Groeber, T.M. Pollock, and M. De Graef. "3D texture visualization approaches: Theoretical Analysis and Examples". J. Applied Crystallography, 50, 111 (2017). 
[253] 
S. Singh and M. De Graef. "Dictionary Indexing of Electron Channeling Patterns". Microsc. MicroAnal., 23, 112 (2017). 
[252] 
M.J. Burch, C.M. Fancher, S. Patala, E.C. Dickey, and M. De Graef, "Mapping 180° ferroelectric domains unsing electron backscatter diffraction and dynamical scattering simulations". Ultramicroscopy, 173, 4751 (2017). 
[251] 
A. AkhtariZavareh, H. Shan, M. De Graef, and K. Kavanagh. "Modeling of the magnetic phase shift of nanowires". Ultramicroscopy, 172, 1016 (2017). 
[250] 
L. Hansen, B. Jackson, D. Fullwood, S.I. Wright, M. De Graef, E. Homer and R. Wagoner,. "Influence of noise generating factors on cross correlation EBSD measurement of GNDs", Microscopy & MicroAnalysis, 23, 112 (2017). 
2016 (top)
[249] 
1st International Conference on 3D Materials Science 2012, Seven Springs, PA, Conference Proceedings. Editors: De Graef, M. and Poulsen, H.F. and Lewis, A. and Simmons, J.P. and Spanos, G.; The Minerals, Metals, and Materials Society, Springer (2016). 
[248] 
B. Jackson, J. Christensen, S. Singh, M. De Graef and D. Fullwood, "Performance of Dynamically Simulated Reference Patterns for Cross Correlation EBSD". Microscopy & MicroAnalysis, 22, 789802 (2016). 
[247] 
S. Singh and M. De Graef, "Orientation sampling for dictionarybased diffraction pattern indexing methods". MSMSE 24, 085013 (2016). 
[246] 
J.I. Deitz, S.D. Carnavale, M. De Graef, D.W. McComb, and T.J. Grassman, "Characterization of encapsulated quantum dots via electron channeling contrast imaging". Applied Physics Letters, 109, 062101 (2016). 
[245] 
K.A. Mohan, K.C. Prabhat, C. Phatak, M. De Graef and C.A. Bouman, "Iterative reconstruction of the magnetization and charge density using vector field electron tomography", Microscopy & Microanalysis, 22 (Suppl 3), 16861687 (2016). 
[244] 
S. Singh and M. De Graef "Automated data acquisitionand indexing of electron channeling patterns using the dictionary approach", Microscopy & Microanalysis, 22 (Suppl 3), 14201421 (2016). 
[243] 
I. Kashyap and M. De Graef "Magnetic domain imaging of NiMnGa Heusler alloys using Lorentz TEM", Microscopy & Microanalysis, 22 (Suppl 3), 17201721 (2016). 
[242] 
C. Phatak, A.K. O. Heinonen, M. De Graef and A.K. PetfordLong. "Nanoscale skyrmions in a nonchiral metallic multiferroic Ni2MnGa", NanoLetters, DOI: 10.1021/acs.nanolett.6b01011 (2016). 
[241] 
P.G. Callahan, M. Groeber, and M. De Graef. “Towards a quantitative comparison between experimental and synthetic grain structures”. Acta Materialia, 111, 242252 (2016). 
[240] 
M. Chapman, P.G. Callahan, and M. De Graef. “Determination of sample surface topography using electron backscatter diffraction patterns”. Scripta Mater., 120, 2326 (2016). 
[239] 
C. Phatak, A.K., A.K. PetfordLong, and M. De Graef. "Recent advances in Lorentz microscopy", Current Opinion in Solid State & Materials Science, 20, 107114 (2016). 
[238] 
A. Kumar, V. Sundararaghavan, L. Nguyen, and M. De Graef. "A Markov random field approach for microstructure synthesis". MSMSE, 24, 035015 (2016). 
[237] 
S.V. Venkatakrishnan, L.F. Drummy, M. Jackson, C.A. Bouman, J.P. Simmons, and M. De Graef. “A phantombased forward modeling approach in support of modelbased iterative reconstructions for HAADFSTEM tomography”. Ultramicroscopy 160, 717 (2016). 
[236] 
L. Nguyen, R. Shi, Y. Wang, and M. De Graef. "Quantification of rafting of gamma' precipitates in Nibased superalloys". Acta Materialia, 103, 322333 (2016). 
2015 (top)
[235] 
Y.H. Chen, D. Wei, G. Newstadt, M. De Graef, J.P. Simmons, and A.O. Hero. “Parameter estimation in spherical symmetry groups”. IEEE. Sign. Proc. Lett. 22, 11521155 (2015). 
[234] 
A. Wang and M. De Graef. "Modeling dynamical electron scattering with Bethe potentials and the scattering matrix". Ultramicroscopy, 160, 3543 (2015). 
[233] 
M. Yan, M. De Graef, Y.N. Picard, and P.A. Salvador, "Electron channeling contrast imaging (ECCI) of antiphase boundaries in coherently strained La0.7Sr0.3MnO3 thin films on (110)oriented SrTiO3, Appl. Phys. Lett., 107, 041601 (2015). 
[232] 
D.J. Rowenhorst, A.D. Rollett, G.S. Roher, M.A. Groeber, M.A. Jackson, P.J. Konijnenberg, and M. De Graef. "Tutorial: consistent representations of and conversions between 3D rotations". Modeling and Simulations in Materials Science and Engineering, 23, 083501 (2015). 
[231] 
S.I. Wright, M.M. Nowell, S.P. Lindeman, P.P. Camus, M. De Graef, and M.A. Jackson. “Introduction and comparison of new EBSD postprocessing methodologies”. Ultramicroscopy, 159, 8194 (2015). 
[230] 
J.W. Gibbs, K.A. Mohan, E.B. Gulsoy, A.J. Shahani, X. Xiao, C. Bouman,
M. De Graef, P.W. Voorhees, "The ThreeDimensional Morphology of Growing Dendrites", Nature Scientific Reports, 5, 11824 (2015). 
[229] 
.L. Nguyen, D. Wang, Y. Wang, and M. De Graef. “Quantifying the strain glass transition in ferroelastic materials”, Acta Materialia, 94, 172180 (2015). 
[228] 
K.A. Mohan, S.V. Venkatakrishnan, J.W. Gibbs, E.B. Gulsoy, X. Xiao,
M. De Graef, P.W. Voorhees, C. Bouman, "4D modelbased iterative reconstruction from interlaced views", IEEEICASSP, pp. 783787 (2015). 
[227] 
K.A. Mohan, S. Venkatakrishnan, J.W. Gibbs, E.B. Gulsoy, X. Xiao, M. De Graef, P.W. Voorhees, and C.A. Bouman. “TIMBIR: a method for timespace reconstruction from interlaced views”. IEEE Trans. Comp. Imag. 1, 96111 (2015). 
[226] 
Y.H. Chen, Park S.U., D. Wei, G. Newstadt, M. Jackson, J.P. Simmons, M. De Graef, and A.O. Hero. “A dictionary approach to the EBSD indexing problem”. Microsc. MicroAnal. 21, 739752 (2015). 
[225] 
J. Waggoner, Y. Zhou, J.P. Simmons, M. De Graef and S. Wang, "Topologypreserving multilabel segmentation by propagating constrained ring structures and its applications to grain image segmentation," IEEE Winter Conference on Applications of Computer Vision (WACV), 10841091 (2015) 
[224] 
S. Singh, and M. De Graef. “Automated dictionarybased indexing of electron channeling patterns”. Microsc. MicroAnal. 21 (Supp. 3), 20412042 (2015). 
[223] 
M. Chapman, S. Singh, and M. De Graef. “Can EBSD be used for determination of grain boundary inclination?”. Microsc. MicroAnal. 21 (Supp. 3), 20392040 (2015). 
[222] 
S. Hua, and M. De Graef. “Conparison of magnetic domain observations by means of magnetic force microscopy and Lorentz transmission electron microscopy”. Microsc. MicroAnal. 21 (Supp. 3), 16191620 (2015). 
[221] 
A. Wang, A.C. Leff, M.L. Taheri, and M. De Graef. “A statistical dictionary approach to automated orientation determination from precession electron diffraction patterns”. Microsc. MicroAnal. 21 (Supp. 3), 12471248 (2015). 
[220] 
S. Singh, and M. De Graef. “GPUbased defect image simulations using the scattering matrix formalism”. Microsc. MicroAnal. 21 (Supp. 3), 22132214 (2015). 
[219] 
S. Kalidindi, and M. De Graef. “Storing, Archiving and Retrieving materials data sets”. Annual Reviews of Materials Research, 45, 171193 (2015). 
[218] 
M.L. Bowers, Y. Gao, L. Yang, D.J. Gaydosh, M. De Graef, R.D. Noebe, Y. Wang, and M.J. Mills,. “Austenite grain refinement during loadbiased thermal cycling of a Ni49.9Ti50.1 shape memory alloy, Acta Materialia, 91, 318329 (2015). 
2014 (top)
[217] 
Zhao, H. and Comer, M. and De Graef, M.. "A Unified Markov Random Field/Marked Point Process Image Model and its Application to Computational Materials". IEEE ICIP (2014), p. 61016105. 
[216] 
S.D. Carnevale, J.I. Deitz, J.A. Carlin, Y.N. Picard, M. De Graef, S.A. Ringel and T.J. Grassman. "Applications of electron channeling contrast imaging for rapid characterization of extended defects in IIIV/Si heterostructures". IEEE J. Photovoltaics. PP:99 (2014), p. 17. 
[215] 
S.V. Venkatakrishnan, L.F. Drummy, M.Jackson, M. De Graef, J.P. Simmons, and C.A. Bouman. “Modelbased iterative reconstruction for brightfield electron tomography”. IEEE Trans. Im. Proc. PP:99, 1 (2014). 
[214] 
D. Rosca, A. Morawiec, and M. De Graef. “A new method of constructing a grid in the space of 3D rotations and its applications to texture analysis”. Modeling and Simulations in Materials Science and Engineering 22, 075013 (2014).

[213] 
Y.N. Picard, M. Liu, J. Lammatao, R. Kamaladasa, and M. De Graef. “Theory of dynamical electron channeling contrast images of nearsurface crystal defects”. Ultramicroscopy 146, 7178 (2014). 
[212] 
M. Yan, M. De Graef, Y.N. Picard, and P.A. Salvador. “Defect analysis in La0.7Sr0.3MnO3 epitaxial thin films by electron channeling contrast imaging (ECCI)”. Microscopy and MicroAnalysis 20 (suppl 3) (2014), pp. 10361037. 
[211] 
T.L Smith, M.L. Bowers, M. De Graef, and M.J. Mills. “STEMbased characteri zation of dislocations and stacking faults in structural materials”. Microscopy and MicroAnalysis 20 (suppl 3) (2014), pp. 10321033. 
[210] 
A. Wang and M. De Graef. “Using Bethe potentials in the scattering matrix for defect image simulations”. Microscopy and MicroAnalysis 20 (suppl 3) (2014), pp. 10301031. 
[209] 
M. De Graef. “Towards a uniform model for lattice defect image simulations”. Microscopy and MicroAnalysis 20 (suppl 3) (2014), pp. 10221023. 
[208] 
S.V. Venkatakrishnan, M.S. Hsiao, N. Garvin, M.A. Jackson, M. De Graef, J.P. Simmons, C.A. Bouman, and L.F. Drummy. “Modelbased iterative reconstruction for lowdose electron tomography”. Microscopy and MicroAnalysis 20 (suppl 3) (2014), pp. 802803. 
[207] 
J. Deitz, S. Carnevale, M. De Graef, Y.N. Picard, S.A. Ringel, T. Grassman, and D.W. McComb. “Using electron channeling contrast imaging for misfit dis location characterization in heteroepitaxial IIIV/Si thin films”. Microscopy and MicroAnalysis 20 (suppl 3) (2014), pp. 552553. 
[206] 
M.L. Bowers, P.J. Phillips, J. Kwon, M.C. Brades, M.J. Mills, and M. De Graef. “Zone axis STEM defect imaging based on electron Kossel patterns”. Microscopy and MicroAnalysis 20 (suppl 3) (2014), pp. 114115. 
[205] 
F. Yang, F. Scheltens, D. McComb, D.B. Williams, and M. De Graef. “Absorption corrections for a fourquadrant SuperX EDS detector”. Microscopy and MicroAnalysis 20 (suppl 3) (2014), pp. 100101. 
[204] 
J. Lammatao, Chan L., T. Owens, M. De Graef, and Y.N. Picard. “Measuring the strain sensitivity in Si (001) electron channeling patterns using higher order Laue zone line shifts”. Microscopy and MicroAnalysis 20 (suppl 3) (2014), pp. 4243. 
[203] 
S.D. Carnevale, J.I. Deitz, T.J. Grassman, J.A. Carlin, Y.N. Picard, M. De Graef, and S.A. Ringel. “Rapid Misfit Dislocation Characterization in Heteroepitaxial IIIV/Si Thin Films by Electron Channeling Contrast Imaging”. Appl. Phys. Lett. 104 (2014), p. 232111. 
[202] 
S.D. Carnevale, J.I. Deitz, T.J. Grassman, J.A. Carlin, Y.N. Picard, M. De Graef, and S.A. Ringel. “Rapid Characterization of Extended Defects in IIIV/Si by Electron Channeling Contrast Imaging”. 40th IEEE Photovoltaic Specialist Conference. 2014. 
[201] 
M.L. Bowers, X. Chen, M. De Graef, P.M. Anderson, and M.J. Mills. “Characterization and modeling of defects generated in pseudoelastically deformed NiTi microcrystals”. Scripta Materialia 7879 (2014), pp. 6972. 
[200] 
M.A. Jackson, M.A. Groeber, M.D. Uchic, D.J. Rowenhorst, and M. De Graef. “h5ebsd: an archival data format for electron backscatter diffraction data sets”. Integrated Materials and Manufacturing Innovation 3 (2014), p. 4 
[199] 
C. Phatak, A.K. PetfordLong, M. Beleggia, and M. De Graef, "Theoretical study of ferroelectric nanoparticles using phase reconstructed electron microscopy," Phys. Rev. B, 89, 214112 (2014). 
[198] 
E. Humphrey, C. Phatak, A.K. PetfordLong, and M. De Graef, "Separation of electrostatic and magnetic phase shifts using the TransportofIntensity Equation," Ultramicroscopy, vol. 139, 512(2014) 
2013 (top)
[196] 
J. Waggoner, J.P. Simmons, M. De Graef and S. Wang, "Multistructure propagation incorporating homeomorphism for materials image segmentation," IEEE Transactions on Image Processing, vol. 22, 52825293 (2013). 
[195] 
J. Waggoner, Y. Zhou, J.P. Simmons, A. Salem, M. De Graef and S. Wang, "Interactive grain image segmentation using graph cut algorithms," Proc. SPIE (Computational Imaging XI), 86570I (2013). 
[194] 
S.V. Venkatakrishnan, L.F. Drummy, M. Jackson, M. De Graef, J.P. Simmons, and C.A. Bouman, "A model based iterative reconstruction algorithm for high angle annular dark field scanning transmission electron microscopy (HAADFSTEM) tomography," IEEE Transactions on Image Processing, vol. 22, pp. 45324544 (2013). 
[193] 
E. Humphrey and M. De Graef, "On the computation of the magnetic phase shift for magnetic nanoparticles of arbitrary shape using a spherical projection model," Ultramicroscopy, vol. 129, 3641 (2013) 
[192] 
P.G. Callahan and M. De Graef, "Dynamical EBSD Patterns Part I: Pattern Simulations," Microscopy and Microanalysis, vol. 19, pp. 12551265 (2013) 
[191] 
D. Rosca and M. De Graef, "Areapreserving projections from hexagonal and triangular domains to the sphere and applications to electron backscatter diffraction pattern simulations," Modeling and Simulations in Materials Science and Engineering, vol. 21, 055021 (2013) 
[190] 
P.G. Callahan, J.P. Simmons and M. De Graef, "A quantitative description of the morphological aspects of materials structures suitable for quantitative comparison of 3D microstructures," Modeling and Simulations in Materials Science and Engineering, vol. 21 015003 (2013) 
[189] 
H.J. Ryu, D.B. Fortner, S. Lee, R. Ferebee, M. De Graef, K. Misichronis, A. Averopoulos, and M.R. Bockstaller, "Role of grain boundary defects during grain coarsening of lamellar block copolymers," Macromolecules, vol. 46, 204215 (2013). 
2012 (top)
[188] 
M. Beleggia, D. Vokoun, and M. De Graef, "Forces between a permanent magnet and a soft magnetic plate," IEEE Magnetics Letters, vol. 3, 0500204 (2012) 
[187] 
M. De Graef and M.E. McHenry, "Structure of Materials:an Introduction to Crystallography, Diffraction, and Symmetry," 2nd edition, Cambridge University Press (2012). 
[186] 
M. De Graef, "Electron Channeling Contrast Image (ECCI) simulations," Microscopy and MicroAnalysis, vol 18(S2), 682683 (2012). 
[185] 
R.J. Kamaladasa, M. Norman, Y. Lu, J.A. Bain, P.A. Salvador, M. De Graef, M. Skowronski, and Y.N. Picard, "Dislocation analysis in metaloxide materials and devices by electron channeling contrast imaging," Microscopy and MicroAnalysis, vol 18(S2), 706707 (2012). 
[184] 
P.J. Philips, M. De Graef, L. Kovarik, A. Agrawal, W. Windl and M.J. Mills, "Low Angle ADF STEM Defect Imaging," Microscopy and MicroAnalysis, vol 18(S2), 676677 (2012). 
[183] 
P.J. Phillips, J. Kwon, M.C. Brandes, M.J. Mills, and M. De Graef, "Zone axis STEM defect imaging based on electron Kossel patterns," Microscopy and MicroAnalysis, vol 18(S2), 710711 (2012). 
[182] 
A. Budruk and M. De Graef, "TEM Investigation of dislocations in an aged NiMnGa alloy," Microscopy and MicroAnalysis, vol 18(S2), 756767 (2012). 
[181] 
P.J. Phillips, M. De Graef, and M.J. Mills, "A Practical Guide toBright/Dark Field Scanning Transmission Electron Microscopy," Microscopy and MicroAnalysis, vol 18(S2), 19641965 (2012). 
[180] 
M. De Graef, "Transmission Electron Microscopy," Chapter 1 in Handbook of Nanoscopy, Vol 1, eds. G. Van Tendeloo, D. Van Dyck, and S. Pennycook, WileyVCH, pp. 130 (2012). 
[179] 
P.J. Phillips, M.J. Mills, and M. De Graef, "Atomicresolution defect contrast in low angle annular darkfield STEM," Ultramicroscopy, vol. 116, pp. 4755 (2012). 
[178] 
A.K. PetfordLong and M. De Graef, "Lorentz Microscopy", Chapter in Characterization of Materials, ed. Kaufmann, WileyVCH, 17871801 (2012). 
[177] 
C. Phatak, M. Pan, A.K. PetfordLong, S. Hong and M. De Graef, "Magnetic interactions and reversal of artificial square spin ices," New Journal of Physics, vol. 14, 075028 (2012). 
[176] 
Picard, Y.N. and Kamaladasa, R.J. and De Graef, M. and Nuhfer, N.T. and Mershon, W.J. and Owens, T. and Sedlacek, L. and Lopour, F. "Future prospects for defect and strain analysis in the SEM via electron channeling," Microscopy Today, vol. 20, pp. 1216 (2012) 
[175] 
P.G. Callahan and M. De Graef, "Precipitate Shape Fitting and Reconstruction by Means of 3D Zernike Functions," Modelling and Simulations in MSE, vol. 20, pp. 015003 (2012). [doi:10.1088/09650393/20/1/015003] 
2011 (top)
[174] 
A. Budruk, C. Phatak, A.K. PetfordLong, and M. De Graef, "Insitu Lorentz TEM magnetization studies on a FePdCo martensitic alloy," Acta Materialia, vol. 59, pp. 66466657 (2011). [doi:10.1016/j.actamat.2011.07.020] 
[173] 
M. Comer, C.A. Bouman, M. De Graef and J.P. Simmons, "Bayesian Methods for Image Segmentation," JOM, 63, pp. 5557 (2011) 
[172] 
C. Phatak, R. Pokharel, M. Beleggia, and M. De Graef, "On the magnetostatics of chains of magnetic nanoparticles," Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials, vol. 323, pp. 29122922 (2011). [doi:10.1016/j.jmmm.2011.06.058]. 
[171] 
P.J. Phillips, M.J. Mills, and M. De Graef, "Diffraction Contrast STEM of Dislocations: Imaging and Simulations," Ultramicroscopy, vol 111 pp. 14831487, (2011). [doi:10.1016/j.ultramic.2011.07.001] 
[170] 
A. Budruk, C. Phatak, A.K. PetfordLong, and M. De Graef, "Insitu Lorentz magnetization study of a NiMnGa ferromagnetic shape memory alloy," Acta Materialia, vol. 59, pp. 48954906 (2011).
[doi:10.1016/j.actamat.2011.04.031] 
[169] 
L. Huffman, J. Simmons, M. De Graef, and I. Pollak, "Shape priors for MAP segmentation of alloy micrographs using graph cuts," Statistical Signal Processing Workshop 2011, June 2830, Nice, France (2011). 
[168] 
C. Phatak, A.K. PetfordLong, M. Tanase, O. Heinonen, M. Pan, and M. De Graef, "Nanoscale structure of the magnetic induction at monopole defects in artificial spinice lattices," Phys. Rev. B, 83, 174431 (2011). 
[167] 
P.J. Phillips, M.J. Mills, and M. De Graef, "Systematic Row and Zone Axis STEM Defect Image Simulations," Philosophical Magazine, vol. 91, pp. 20812101 (2011).
[DOI: 10.1080/14786435.2010.547526] 
2010 (top)
[166] 
R.J. Kamaladasa, M.E. Twigg, M. De Graef, and Y.N. Picard, "Towards nondestructive Burgers vector identification of dislocation in electronic materials via electron channeling contrast imaging," Microscopy and MicroAnalysis, vol. 16, pp. 1558CD (2010). 
[165] 
P.J. Phillips, M. De Graef and M. Mills, "STEM stacking fault analysis in Nibased superalloys," Microscopy and MicroAnalysis, vol. 16, pp. 746CD (2010). 
[164] 
A. Budruk, C. Phatak, A.K. PetfordLong and M. De Graef, "Domain observatios in FePdCo by dynamic insitu Lorentz TEM," Microscopy and MicroAnalysis, vol. 16, pp. 1236CD (2010). 
[163] 
M. De Graef, "Image simulations of defect images in STEM observation mode," Microscopy and MicroAnalysis, vol. 16, pp. 246CD (2010). 
[162] 
N.T. Nuhfer, A. Budruk, and M. De Graef, "Aberration corrected Lorentz microscopy," Microscopy and MicroAnalysis, vol. 16, pp. 142CD (2010). 
[161] 
C. Phatak, A.K. PetfordLong, and M. De Graef, "Threedimensional study of vector potential of magnetic structures," PRL, vol. 104, pp. 253901 (2010). 
[160] 
D. Vokoun, M. Beleggia, M. De Graef and C.H. Lai, "The influence of magnetostatic interactions in exchange coupled composite particles," J. Phys. D, vol. 43, pp. 275001 (2010). 
[159] 
M. Jackson, J.P. Simmons, and M. De Graef, "MXA: a Customizable Data Format for MultiDimensional Data Sets", Modeling and Simulations in Materials Science and Engineering, vol. 18, pp. 065008 (2010). 
[158] 
M. De Graef, "Visualization of timereversal symmetry in magnetic point groups", Met. Mat. Trans. A, vol. 41, pp.13211329 (2010). 
2009 (top)
[157] 
M. Beleggia, M. De Graef, and Y.T. Millev, "Magnetostatics of the uniformly polarized torus," Proc. Roy. Soc., vol. 465, pp. 35813604 (2009) 
[156] 
J.P. MacSleyne, M.D. Uchic, J.P. Simmons, and M. De Graef, "Threedimensional analysis of secondary gamma' precipitates in Rene88 DT and UMF20 superalloys," Acta Materialia, vol. 57, pp.62516267 (2009) 
[155] 
M. De Graef, "Recent progress in Lorentz transmission electron microscopy: applications to multiferroic materials," ESOMAT 2009, 01002 (2009) DOI:10.1051/esomat/200901002 
[154] 
C. Phatak, M. De Graef, and A.K. PetfordLong, "Improved phase reconstruction for magnetic materials in a lowaberration environment," Microscopy and MicroAnalysis, vol. 15 (S2), pp. 1276CD (2009) 
[153] 
E.B. Gulsoy and M. De Graef, "Advances in the automated segmentation of 3D microstructures," Microscopy and MicroAnalysis, vol. 15 (S2), pp. 606CD (2009) 
[152] 
C. Phatak, E. Humphrey, M. De Graef and A.K. PetfordLong, "Determination of the 3D magnetic vector potential using Lorentz transmission electron microscopy," Microscopy and MicroAnalysis, vol. 15 (S2), pp. 134135 (2009) 
[151] 
M.D. Uchic, M. De Graef, R. Wheeler, and D.M. Dimiduk, "Microstructural tomography of a Ni_{70}Cr_{20}Al_{10} superalloy using focused ion beam microscopy," Ultramicroscopy, vol. 109, pp.12291235 (2009) 
[150] 
R.P. Richards, M.L. Wilson, and M. De Graef, "Twinned datolite from Dalnegorsk, Primorskiy Kray, Russia," The Mineralogical Record, vol. 40, pp. 127129 (2009) 
[149] 
M. Beleggia, D. Vokoun, and M. De Graef, "Demagnetization factors for cylindrical shells and related shapes," J. Magn. Magn. Mater., vol. 321, pp. 13061315 (2009) 
[148] 
J.P. Simmons, P. Chuang, M.L. Comer, M. Uchic, J.E. Spowart, and M. De Graef, "Application and Further Development of Advanced Image Processing Algorithms for Automated Analysis of Serial Section Image Data", Modelling and Simulations in Materials Science and Engineering, vol. 17, pp. 025002 (2009) 
[147] 
C. Phatak, M. Tanase, A.K. PetfordLong, and M. De Graef, "Determination of magnetic vortex polarity from a single Lorentz Fresnel image," Ultramicroscopy, vol. 109, pp. 264267 (2009) 
[146] 
M. De Graef and M. Beleggia, "General Magnetostatic ShapeShape Interaction Forces and Torques,", J. Magn. Magn. Mater., vol. 321, pp. L4551 (2009) 
[145] 
E.B. Gulsoy, J.P. Simmons, and M. De Graef, "Application of joint histogram and mutual information to registration and data fusion problems in serial sectioning microstructure studies", Scripta Materialia, vol 60, pp. 381384 (2009) 
2008 (top)
[144] 
C. Phatak, M. De Graef, A.K. PetfordLong, M. Tanase, and A. Imre, "Reconstruction of 3d magnetic induction using Lorentz TEM," Microscopy and MicroAnalysis, vol. 14 (S2), pp. 10541055 (2008) 
[143] 
J.P. Simmons, B. Bartha, M. De Graef, and M. Comer, "Development of Bayesian segmentation techniques for automated segmentation of Titanium alloy images," Microscopy and MicroAnalysis, vol. 14 (S2), pp. 602603 (2008) 
[142] 
C. Phatak, J.A. Bain, J.G. Zhu, and M. De Graef, "Aberration corrected lorentz microscopy for magnetic recording media," Microscopy and MicroAnalysis, vol. 14 (S2), pp. 832833 (2008) 
[141] 
M. De Graef, "Teaching crystallographic and magnetic point group symmetry using threedimensional rendered visualizations," Teaching Pamphlet, International Union of Crystallography, http://www.iucr.org/education/pamphlets/23 (2008) 
[140] 
C. Phatak, M. Beleggia, and M. De Graef, "Vector field electron tomography of magnetic materials: theoretical development," Ultramicroscopy, vol. 108, pp. 503513 (2008) 
[139] 
J. MacSleyne, J.P. Simmons and M. De Graef, "On the use of moment invariants for the automated classification of 3D particle shapes," Modeling and Simulations in Materials Science and Engineering, vol. 16, 045008 (2008) 
[138] 
J. MacSleyne, J.P. Simmons and M. De Graef, "On the use of 2D moment invariants for the automated classification of particle shapes," Acta Materialia, vol. 56, pp. 427437 (2008) 
2007 (top)
[137] 
C. Phatak and M. De Graef, "Is a C_{s} corrector necessary for Lorentz Vector Field Electron Tomography?", Microscopy Today, vol. 15, pp. 2427, 2007. 
[136] 
C. Phatak and M. De Graef, "Is a C_{s} corrector necessary for Lorentz Vector Field Electron Tomography?", Microscopy and Microanalysis, vol. 13 (Suppl 2), pp. 13321333(CD) (2007) 
[135] 
S.P. Venkateswaran, N.T. Nuhfer, and M. De Graef, "Magnetic Domain Memory in Multiferroic Ni_{2}MnGa," Acta Materialia, vol. 55, pp. 54195427 (2007) 
[134] 
S.P. Venkateswaran, N.T. Nuhfer, and M. De Graef, "Antiphase boundaries and magnetic domain structures in Ni_{2}MnGatype Heusler alloys," Acta Materialia, vol. 55, pp. 26212636 (2007) (http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.actamat.2006.12.003). 
[133] 
M. De Graef and M.E. McHenry, Structure of Materials: an Introduction to Crystallography, Diffraction, and Symmetry, Cambridge University Press, 2007. 
2006 (top)
[132] 
M. De Graef, M.V. Kral, and M. Hillert,
"A modern view of an "old" pearlite colony,"
Journal of Metals, vol. 58, pp. 2528, 2006.

[131]  A. Wu, M. De Graef, and T.M. Pollock, "Grainscale strain mapping for analysis of slip activities in polycrystalline B2 RuAl," Phil. Mag., vol. 2526, pp. 111, 2006.

[130] 
M. Beleggia, M. De Graef, and Y.T. Millev,
"Selfenergy and demagnetization factors of the general ellipsoid: A
selfcontained alternative to the MaxwellStoner approach,"
Phil. Mag., vol. 86, pp. 24512466, 2006.

[129] 
M. De Graef and M. Beleggia,
"The fluxgate ringcore demagnetization field,"
J. Magn. Magn. Mat., vol. 305, pp. 403409, 2006.

[128] 
M. Beleggia, M. De Graef, and Y.T. Millev,
"The equivalent ellipsoid of a magnetized shape,"
J. Phys. D, vol. 39, pp. 891899, 2006.

[127] 
M. Beleggia, J.W. Lau, M.A. Schofield, Y. Zhu, S. Tandon, and M. De Graef,
"Phase diagram for magnetic nanorings,"
J. Magn. Magn. Mat., vol. 301, pp. 131146, 2006.

2005 (top)
[126] 
M. Beleggia, M. De Graef, Y.T. Millev, D.A. Goode, and G. Rowlands,
"Demagnetization factors for elliptic cylinders,"
J. Phys. D, vol. 38, pp. 33333342, 2005.

[125] 
M. Beleggia, Y. Zhu, S. Tandon, and M. De Graef,
"Shapeinduced ferromagnetic ordering in a triangular array of
magnetized disks,"
App. Phys. Lett., vol. 87, pp. 202504, 2005.

[124] 
S.P. Venkateswaran and M. De Graef,
"Imaging techniques in magnetoelastic materials,"
in Interplay of Magnetism and Structure in Functional
Materials, A. Planes, Mañosa Ll., and A. Saxena, Eds. SpringerVerlag,
2005.

[123] 
J.P. Simmons, D.M. Dimiduk, and M. De Graef,
"Automatic particle coordination recognition using principal
component analysis and kohonen neural nets,"
Microscopy and Microanalysis, vol. 11 (supplement 2), pp.
16341635, 2005.

[122]  J.P Winer, N.T. Nuhfer, M.E. McHenry, and M. De Graef, "Lorentz TEM characterization of AlCuGeMn alloys," Microscopy and Microanalysis, vol. 11 (supplement 2), pp.
18081809, 2005.

[121] 
M. De Graef and M. Beleggia,
"Theory of phasereconstructed vector field electron tomography,"
Microscopy and Microanalysis, vol. 11 (supplement 2), pp.
316317, 2005.

[120]  S.P. Venkateswaran, N.T. Nuhfer, and M. De Graef, "Insitu Lorentz TEM observations in ferromagnetic shape memory alloys," Microscopy and Microanalysis, vol. 11 (supplement 2), pp.
18021803, 2005.

[119] 
M. Beleggia and M. De Graef,
"General magnetostatic shapeshape interactions,"
J. Magn. Magn. Mater., vol. 285, pp. L110, 2005.

2004 (top)
[118] 
M. Beleggia, S. Tandon, Y. Zhu, and M. De Graef,
"Observation of dipolar ferromagnetism by TEM techniques,"
Micro. MicroAnal., vol. 10, pp. 510CD, 2004.

[117] 
M. Beleggia, S. Tandon, Y. Zhu, and M. De Graef,
"On the computation of the demagnetization tensor for particles of
arbitrary shape,"
J. Magn. Magn. Mater., vol. 272, pp. E11971199, 2004.

[116] 
D.C. Lu, M. De Graef, and T.M. Pollock,
"Transmission electron microscopy study of complex planar faults in
RuAl0.5at%B,"
Phil. Mag. A, vol. 84, pp. 23172329, 2004.

[115] 
A. Saxena, T. Castán, A. Planes, M. Porta, Y. Kishi, T.A. Lograsso,
D. Viehland, M. Wuttig, and M. De Graef,
"Origin of magnetic and magnetoelastic tweedlike precursor
modulations in ferroic materials,"
Phys. Rev. Lett., vol. 92, pp. 197203, 2004.

[114] 
M. Beleggia, S. Tandon, Y. Zhu, and M. De Graef,
"On the magnetostatic interactions between nanoparticles of
arbitrary shape,"
J. Magn. Magn. Mater., vol. 278, pp. 270284, 2004.

[113] 
S. Tandon, M. Beleggia, Y. Zhu, and M. De Graef,
"On the computation of the demagnetization tensor for uniformly
magnetized particles of arbitrary shape. Part II: Numerical approach,"
J. Magn. Magn. Mater., vol. 271, pp. 2738, 2004.

[112] 
S. Tandon, M. Beleggia, Y. Zhu, and M. De Graef,
"On the computation of the demagnetization tensor for uniformly
magnetized particles of arbitrary shape. Part I: Analytical approach,"
J. Magn. Magn. Mater., vol. 271, pp. 926, 2004.

2003 (top)
[111] 
N. Biery, M. De Graef, and T.M. Pollock,
"A method for measuring strain on a microstructural scale using an
SEM equipped with an insitu tensile substage: Application to
gammaTiAl alloys,"
Metall. Mat. trans. A, vol. 34, pp. 23012313, 2003.

[110] 
M. De Graef, S. Venkateswaran, Y. Kishi, T.A. Lograsso, D. Viehland, and
M. Wuttig,
"Magnetic tweed contrast in ferromagnetic shape memory alloys,"
Microscopy and MicroAnalysis, vol. 9, Suppl. 2, pp. 584585,
2003.

[109] 
M. Bellegia, S. Tandon, Y. Zhu, and M. De Graef,
"On the electronoptical phase shift for magnetic nanoparticles,"
Microscopy and MicroAnalysis, vol. 9, Suppl. 2, pp. 316317,
2003.

[108] 
M. Beleggia and M. De Graef,
"On the computation of the demagnetization tensor field for an
arbitrary particle shape using a Fourier space approach,"
J. Magn. Magn. Mater., vol. 263, pp. L19, 2003.

[107] 
Y. Kishi, M. De Graef, C. Cracionescu, T.A. Lograsso, D.A. Neumann, and
M. Wuttig,
"Microstructures and transformation behavior of cobaltbase
ferromagnetic shape memory alloys,"
J. Phys. IV, vol. 112, pp. 10211024, 2003.

[106] 
M. De Graef, Y. Kishi, Y. Zhu, and M. Wuttig,
"Lorentz study of magnetic domains in Heuslertype ferromagnetic
shape memory alloys,"
J. Phys. IV, vol. 112, pp. 993996, 2003.

[105] 
M. De Graef,
Introduction to Conventional transmission Electron
Microscopy,
Cambridge University Press, 2003.

[104] 
M. Beleggia, S. Tandon, Y. Zhu, and M. De Graef,
"Electronoptical phase shift of magnetic nanoparticles, part II:
Polyhedral particles,"
Phil. Mag. B, vol. 83, pp. 11431161, 2003.

2002 (top)
[103] 
C.M. Craiunescu, Y. Kishi, M. De Graef, T.A. Lograsso, and M.R. Wuttig,
"Cobaltbase ferromagnetic shape memory alloys,"
in Proc. International Society for Optical Engineering, 2002,
vol. 4699, pp. 235244.

[102] 
V.V. Volkov, Y. Zhu, and M. De Graef,
"A new symmetrized solution for phase retrieval using the transport
of intensity equation,"
Micron, vol. 33, pp. 411416, 2002.

[101] 
N. Biery, M. De Graef, R. Raban, A. Elliot, C. Austin, and T.M. Pollock,
"Use of Weibull statistics to quantify property variability in
TiAl alloys,"
Metall. Mat. trans. A, vol. 33, pp. 31273136, 2002.

[100] 
E.K. Sanchez, J.Q. Liu, M. De Graef, M. Skowronski, W.M. Vetter, and M. Dudley,
"Nucleation of threading dislocations in sublimation grown silicon
carbide,"
J. Appl. Phys., vol. 91, pp. 1143148, 2002.

[99] 
M. De Graef, N.T. Nuhfer, and N. Cleary,
"The Digital Microscopy Teaching Environment: a
HardWired Microscopy Classroom,"
Microscopy and Microanalysis, vol. 8, pp. 176181, 2002.

[98] 
Y. Zhu, V.V. Volkov, and M. De Graef,
"Understanding magnetic structures in permanent magnets via insitu
Lorentz microscopy, interferometric and noninterferometric phase
reconstruction,"
J. Electron Microscopy, vol. 50, pp. 447455, 2002.

2001 (top)
[97] 
K. Li, T.M. Pollock, M. De Graef, U. Habel, and A.W. Thompson,
"On the effect of Low and High Pressure HydrogenCharging
on the oxidation of a Ti48Al2Cr2Nb alloy,"
Mater. Sci. Engg. A, vol. 318, pp. 224234, 2001.

[96] 
N. Biery, M. De Graef, and T.M. Pollock,
"Influence of microstructure and strain distribution on failure
properties in intermetallic TiAlbased alloys,"
Mater. Sci, Engg. A, vol. 319, pp. 613617, 2001.

[95] 
M. Willard, M. De Graef, D.E. Laughlin, and M.E. McHenry,
"Lorentz microscopy observations of a nanocrystalline
Fe_{44}Co_{44}Zr_{7}B_{4}Cu alloy,"
IEEE Trans. Magn., vol. 37, pp. 23432346, 2001.

[94] 
M. De Graef, M. Willard, M.E. McHenry, and Y. Zhu,
"Insitu Lorentz TEM cooling study of magnetic domain
configurations in Ni_{2}MnGa,"
IEEE Trans. Magn., vol. 37, pp. 26632665, 2001.

[93] 
S.Y. Chu, R. Gallagher, M. De Graef, and M.E. McHenry,
"Structural and magnetic phase transitions in NiMnGa
ferromagnetic shapememory crystals,"
IEEE Trans. Magn., vol. 37, pp. 26662668, 2001.

[92] 
D.C. Lu, M. De Graef, and T.M. Pollock,
"Complex planar faults in RuAl0.5 at% B and boron additions to
intermetallic aluminides,"
in Structural Intermetallics, K.J. Hemker, D.M. Dimiduk,
H. Clemes, R. Darolia, H. Inui, J.M. Larsen, V.K. Sikka, M. Thomas, and J.D.
Whittenberger, Eds. 2001, pp. 541549, TMS, Warrendale, PA.

[91] 
M. De Graef and Y. Zhu,
"Quantitative noninterferometric Lorentz microscopy,"
J. Appl. Phys., vol. 89, pp. 71777179, 2001.

2000 (top)
[90] 
M. De Graef,
"Lorentz microscopy: Theoretical basis and image simulations,"
in Magnetic Microscopy and its Applications to Magnetic
Materials, M. De Graef and Y. Zhu, Eds., vol. 36 of Experimental
Methods in the Physical Sciences, chapter 2. Academic Press, 2000.

[89] 
K.J. Leonard, J.C. Mishurda, B. Molloseau, M. De Graef, and V.K. Vasudevan,
"Identification of a New Tetragonal Phase in the
NbTiAl System,"
Phil. Mag. Lett., vol. 80, pp. 295305, 2000.

[88] 
M. De Graef and Y. Zhu, Eds.,
Magnetic Microscopy and its Applications to Magnetic
Materials, vol. 36,
Academic Press, 2000.

[87] 
S.Y. Ha, N.T. Nuhfer, G.S. Roher, M. De Graef, and M. Skowronski,
"Origin of Domain Structure in Hexagonal Silicon Carbide
Boules Grown by the Physical Vapor transport Method,"
J. of Crystal Growth, vol. 220, pp. 308315, 2000.

[86] 
S.Y. Ha, N.T. Nuhfer, M. De Graef, G.S. Rohrer, and M. Skowronski,
"Origin of Threading Dislocation Arrays in SiC Boules
Grown by PVT,"
in Proc. International Conference on SiC and Related
Materials, C.H. Carter, R.P. Devaty, and G.S. Rohrer, Eds. 2000, pp.
477480, trans Tech Publications.

[85] 
S.Y. Ha, N.T. Nuhfer, G.S. Roher, M. De Graef, and M. Skowronski,
"Identification of Prismatic Slip Bands in 4H SiC
Boules Grown by PVT,"
J. Electronic Mater., vol. 29, pp. L58, 2000.

1999 (top)
[84] 
S.Y. Chu, M. De Graef, A. Cramb, Laughlin D.E., and M.E. McHenry,
"The Effect of Field Cooling and Field Orientation on the
Martensitic Phase transformation in Ni_{2}MnGa Single
Crystals,"
J. Appl. Phys., vol. 87, pp. 57775779, 1999.

[83] 
J. Kim, K. Barmak, M. De Graef, L.H. Lewis, and D.C. Crew,
"The Effect of Annealing on Magnetic ExchangeCoupling in
CoPt/Co Bilayer Thin Films,"
J. Appl. Phys., vol. 87, pp. 61406142, 1999.

[82] 
M. De Graef,
"Lorentz Microscopy and Electron Holography of
Nanocrystalline Magnetic Materials,"
in Mat. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc., 1999, vol. 577, pp.
519530.

[81] 
N. Biery, T.M. Pollock, N.T. Nuhfer, and M. De Graef,
"Displacement Mapping During insitu Straining in
the SEM,"
Microscopy and Microanalysis, vol. 5 (supp. 2), pp. 334335,
1999.

[80] 
W. Yang, C.T. Wu, B.L. Adams, and M. De Graef,
"Adaptive Orientation Imaging Microscopy,"
Microscopy and Microanalysis, vol. 5 (supp. 2), pp. 246247,
1999.

[79] 
M.R. McCartney, N.T. Nuhfer, and M. De Graef,
"Phase Contrast of Spherical Magnetic Particles,"
Microscopy and Microanalysis, vol. 5 (supp. 2), pp. 3435,
1999.

[78] 
M. De Graef, N.T. Nuhfer, and N. Cleary,
"Implementation of a Digital Microscopy Teaching
Environment,"
Microscopy and Microanalysis, vol. 5 (supp. 2), pp. 45,
1999.

[77] 
N. Biery, M. De Graef, and T.M. Pollock,
"Study of Localized Strain at Notches in gammaTiAl
Alloys using Displacement Mapping and Microstructural
Characterization,"
in Proc. Gamma Titanium Aluminides Symposium, Y.W. Kim, D.M.
Dimiduk, and M.H. Loretto, Eds., Warrendale, PA, 1999, pp. 557564, The
Minerals, Metals and Materials Society.

[76] 
M. De Graef, N. Biery, L. Rishel, T.M. Pollock, and A. Cramb,
"On the Relation between Cooling Rate and Solidification
Microstructure in ascast Titanium Aluminides,"
in Proc. Gamma Titanium Aluminides Symposium, Y.W. Kim, D.M.
Dimiduk, and M.H. Loretto, Eds., Warrendale, PA, 1999, pp. 247254, The
Minerals, Metals and Materials Society.

[75] 
M. De Graef, N.T. Nuhfer, and M.R. McCartney,
"Phase Contrast of Spherical Magnetic Particles,"
J. of Microscopy, vol. 194, pp. 8494, 1999.

1998 (top)
[74] 
M. De Graef,
"A Novel Way to Represent the 32 Crystallographic Point
Groups,"
J. of Materials Education, vol. 20, pp. 3142, 1998.

[73] 
M. De Graef,
"Magnetic Induction and Quantitative Lorentz Microscopy in
the TEM,"
in Proc. of Symposium on Microstructure and Microscopy of
Magnetic Materials, 1998.

[72] 
X. Pierron, M. De Graef, and A.W. Thompson,
"Effect of Hydrogen on the Microstructure of Ti_{3}Al+Nb
Titanium Aluminide,"
Phil. Mag A, vol. 77, pp. 13991421, 1998.

[71] 
J. Dooley, M. De Graef, and M.E. McHenry,
"Induction Mapping of Magnetostrictive Materials,"
J. Appl. Phys., vol. 83, pp. 68376839, 1998.

1997 (top)
[70] 
J. Dooley and M. De Graef,
"Simulation of Magnetic Induction Mapping in the TEM,"
in Proc. Microscopy and Microanalysis Conference, G.W. Bailey,
R.V.W. Dimlich, K.B. Alexander, J.J. McCarthy, and T.P. Pretlow, Eds. 1997,
pp. 11571158, Springer.

[69] 
J. Dooley and M. De Graef,
"Energy Filtered Magnetic Induction Mapping,"
Micron, vol. 28, pp. 371380, 1997.

[68] 
J. Dooley and M. De Graef,
"Energy Filtered Lorentz Microscopy,"
Ultramicroscopy, vol. 67, pp. 113132, 1997.

[67] 
E.K. Sanchez, M. De Graef, W. Qian, and M. Skowronski,
"HRTEM Characterization of 6H15R Polytype Boundaries in
Silicon Carbide grown by Physical Vapor transport,"
in Mat. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc., 1997, vol. 442, pp.
655661.

[66] 
W. Qian, M. Skowronski, R. Kaspi, M. De Graef, and V.P. Dravid,
"Nucleation of Misfit and Threading Dislocations during
Epitaxial Growth of GaSb on GaAs(001) Substrates,"
Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 81, pp. 72687274, 1997.

[65] 
M. De Graef, D.H. Hardwick, and P.L. Martin,
"Structural Evolution of Titanium DiBorides in Wrought
Ti47Al2Mo0.2B,"
in Structural Intermetallics 1997, M.V. Nathal, R. Darolia,
C.T. Liu, P.L. Martin, D.B. Miracle, R. Wagner, and M. Yamaguchi, Eds. 1997,
pp. 185194, TMS.

[64] 
K. Muraleedharan, L.L. Rishel, M. De Graef, A.W. Cramb, T.M. Pollock, and G.T.
Gray III,
"The Effect of Cooling Rate on Microstructural Development
in Cast Ti48Al2Cr2Nb Type Alloys,"
in Structural Intermetallics 1997, M.V. Nathal, R. Darolia,
C.T. Liu, P.L. Martin, D.B. Miracle, R. Wagner, and M. Yamaguchi, Eds. 1997,
pp. 215224, TMS.

[63] 
D.J. Tilly, J.P.A. Löfvander, M. De Graef, and C.G. Levi,
"Interfaces in MoSi_{2}SiC insitu Composites
Synthesized by Melt Processing,"
Metallurgical and Materials transactions, vol. 28A, pp.
19011911, 1997.

[62] 
M. Chandrasekaran, G. Gosh, D. Schryvers, M. De Graef, L. Delaey, and
G. Van Tendeloo,
"Decomposition of a Metastable BCC Phase in Rapidly
Solidified Ni  9at.% Zr and Ni  8at.% Zr  1at% X
Alloys,"
Philosophical Magazine A, vol. 75, pp. 677701, 1997.

1996 (top)
[61] 
W. Qian, M. Skowronski, R. Kaspi, and M. De Graef,
"Nucleation of Misfit and Threading Dislocations in
GaSb/GaAs (001) Heterostructure,"
in Proceeding of the 54th MSA annual meeting, G.W. Bailey, J.M.
Corbett, R.V.W. Dimlich, J.R. Michael, and N.J. Zaluzec, Eds., 1996, pp.
946947.

[60] 
J. Cheney and M. De Graef,
"An XRay Diffraction Simulator for Undergraduate
Crystallography,"
Journal of Materials Education, vol. 18, pp. 5766, 1996.

[59] 
D.B. Allen, A.W. Thompson, and M. De Graef,
"The Effects of Hydrogen on the Stability of the
Orthorhombic Phase in Ti24Al11Nb,"
in Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on the
Effects of Hydrogen on Material Behavior, A.W. Thompson and N.R. Moody, Eds.
1996, pp. 831840, TMS.

[58] 
K. Li, M. De Graef, T.M. Pollock, D.B. Allen, and A.W. Thompson,
"Hydrides in High Pressure HydrogenCharged TiAl
Alloys,"
in Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on the
Effects of Hydrogen on Material Behavior, A.W. Thompson and N.R. Moody, Eds.
1996, pp. 809818, TMS.

[57] 
D.J. Wissuchek, T.J. Mackin, M. De Graef, G.E. Lucas, and A.G. Evans,
"A Simple Method for Measuring Surface Strains around
Cracks,"
Experimental Mechanics, vol. 36, pp. 173179, 1996.

1995 (top)
[56] 
Y. Nakamura, P.A. Smith, D.E. Laughlin, M. De Graef, and M.E. McHenry,
"Structure and Magnetic Properties of Quenched
(Mn_{x}Al_{1x})_{3}O_{4} Spinels and Hausmannites,"
IEEE trans. Mag., vol. 31, pp. 41544156, 1995.

[55] 
W. Qian, M. Skowronski, M. De Graef, K. Doverspike, L.B. Rowland, and D.K.
Gaskill,
"Microstructural Characterization of alphaGaN Films
Grown on Sapphire by Organometallic Vapor Phase Epitaxy,"
Appl. Phys. Lett., vol. 66, pp. 12521524, 1995.

[54] 
X. Pierron, M. De Graef, T.M. Pollock, and A.W. Thompson,
"HydrogenInduced Phase transformations in alpha_{2}+ B2
Ti25Al10Nb3V1Mo Titanium Aluminide,"
in Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the Microscopy Society
of America, G.W. Bailey, M.H. Ellisman, R.A. Hennigar, and N.J. Zaluzec,
Eds. 1995, pp. 520521, Jones and Begell Publishing (New York).

[53] 
N.T. Nuhfer, J. Dooley, and M. De Graef,
"Energy Filtered Magnetic Domain Imaging at 400 kV,"
in Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the Microscopy Society
of America, G.W. Bailey, M.H. Ellisman, R.A. Hennigar, and N.J. Zaluzec,
Eds. 1995, pp. 306307, Jones and Begell Publishing (New York).

[52] 
J. Dooley, N.T. Nuhfer, and M. De Graef,
"Lorentz Observation of Magnetic Domains in TerfenolD,"
in Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the Microscopy Society
of America, G.W. Bailey, M.H. Ellisman, R.A. Hennigar, and N.J. Zaluzec,
Eds. 1995, pp. 482483, Jones and Begell Publishing (New York).

[51] 
W. Qian, M. Skowronski, M. De Graef, G. Rohrer, K. Doverspike, L.B. Rowland,
and D.K. Gaskill,
"TEM and AFM Studies of Structural Defects in
alphaGaN Films,"
in Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the Microscopy Society
of America, G.W. Bailey, M.H. Ellisman, R.A. Hennigar, and N.J. Zaluzec,
Eds. 1995, pp. 456457, Jones and Begell Publishing (New York).

[50] 
J.W. Yang, J.N. Kunzia, Q.C. Chen, M. Asif Kahn, T. George, M. De Graef, and
S. Mahajan,
"TemperatureMediated Phase Selection during Growth of
GaN on (111)_{A} and (111)_{B} GaAs Substrates,"
Appl. Phys. Lett., vol. 67, pp. 37593761, 1995.

[49] 
J. Dooley and M. De Graef,
"TEM Study of Twinning and Magnetic Domains in
TerfenolD,"
in Mat. Res. Soc. Sym. Proc., 1995, vol. 360, pp. 189195.

[48] 
S. Kirkpartrick, M.E. McHenry, M. De Graef, P.A. Smith, Y. Nakamura, D.E.
Laughlin, E.M. Brunsman, J.H. Scott, and S.A. Majetich,
"Magnetic Properties of SmCoC and MnAlC Alloy
Nanoparticles,"
Scripta Metall. Mater., vol. 33, pp. 17031708, 1995.

[47] 
K. Li, T.M. Pollock, A.W. Thompson, and M. De Graef,
"A New Phase in Hydrogen Charged Ti48Al2Cr2Nb,"
Scripta Metall. Mater., vol. 32, pp. 10091014, 1995.

1994 (top)
[46] 
N.T. Nuhfer, M. De Graef, M.E. McHenry, S.A. Majetich, J.O. Artman, and S.W.
Staley,
"Electron microscopy stud y of carbon coated magnetic nanoparticles
produced by the Kratschmerarc process,"
in Proceedings 13th International Conference on Electron
Microscopy, 1994, pp. 313314.

[45] 
M. De Graef, D.B. Allen, X. Pierron, T.M. Pollock, and A.W. Thompson,
"High resolution electron microscopy study of planar antiphase
boundaires in orthorhombic Ti_{2}NbAl,"
in Proceedings 13th International Conference on Electron
Microscopy, 1994, pp. 665666.

[44] 
M.E. McHenry, S.A. Majetich, J.O. Artman, M. De Graef, S.W. Staley, E.M.
Brunsman, E. Bortz, S. Kirkpatrick, K. Midelfort, J. Williams, and
B. Brunett,
"Magnetic properties of carbon coated, ferromagnetic cobalt
nanoparticles produced by a carbonarc method,"
J. Appl. Phys., vol. 75, pp. 5882, 1994.

[43] 
M.E McHenry, S.A. Majetich, J.O. Artman, M. De Graef, and S.W. Staley,
"Superparamagnetism in carbon coated co particles produced by the
Kratschmerarc process,"
Phys. Rev. B, vol. 49, pp. 11358, 1994.

[42] 
V. Jayaram, M. De Graef, and C.G. Levi,
"Metastable extension of the fluorite phase field in
Y_{2}O_{3}ZrO_{2} and its effect on grain growth,"
Acta Metall. Mater., vol. 42, pp. 18291846, 1994.

[41] 
K.J. Vaidya, C.Y. Yang, M. De Graef, and F.F. Lange,
"Heteroepitaxy of rareearth hexaaluminates on sapphire,"
J. Mater. Res., vol. 9, pp. 410419, 1994.

1993 (top)
[40] 
M. De Graef, D.R. Clarke, and J.S. Speck,
"Insitu domain multiplication and migration in the
antiferroelectric ceramic PLSnZT,"
Ultramicroscopy, vol. 52, pp. 179186, 1993.

[39] 
H.C. Cao, M. De Graef, and A.G. Evans,
"Structure and properties at the ferroelectric/electrode interface
between Lead Zirconate Titanate and Copper,"
J. Am. Ceram. Soc., vol. 76, pp. 30193023, 1993.

[38] 
M. De Graef and D.R. Clarke,
"Measurement of residual stress in MgO films on GaAs by electron
microscopy,"
Appl. Phys. Lett., vol. 63, pp. 10441046, 1993.

[37] 
D.R. Clarke and M. De Graef,
"The effect of cracks on the superconducting transport current in
thin film : the analogy with twodimensional elasticity and plasticity,"
J. Mat. Res., vol. 8, pp. 15151532, 1993.

[36] 
J.S. Speck, M. De Graef, A.P. Wilkinson, A.K. Cheetham, and D.R. Clarke,
"Hierarchical domain structures and insitu domain generation in the
antiferroelectric ceramic PLSnZT,"
J. Appl. Phys., vol. 73, pp. 72617267, 1993.

[35] 
E.J. Tarsa, M. De Graef, D.R. Clarke, E.L. Hu, A.C. Gossard, and J.S. Speck,
"Growth and characterization of (111) and (001) oriented MgO films
on (001) GaAs,"
J. Appl. Phys., vol. 73, pp. 32763283, 1993.

[34] 
M. De Graef and D.R. Clarke,
"Strain contrast at crack tips for insitu transmission electron
microscopy straining experiments,"
Ultramicroscopy, vol. 49, pp. 354365, 1993.

1992 (top)
[33] 
K.G.F. Janssens, J. Vanhellemont, M. De Graef, and O. Van der Biest,
"SIMCON : a versatile software package for the simulation of
electron diffraction contrast images of arbitrary displacement fields,"
Ultramicroscopy, vol. 45, pp. 323335, 1992.

[32] 
M. Bannister, S.M. Spearing, J.P.A. Löfvander, and M. De Graef,
"Fatigue of extruded steel/NiAl composites,"
in Mat. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc., 1992, vol. 273, pp.

[31] 
M. De Graef, B.J. Dalgleish, M.R. Turner, and A.G. Evans,
"Interfaces between alumina and platinum : structure, bonding and
fracture resistance,"
Acta Metall. Mater., vol. 40, pp. S333S344, 1992.

[30] 
M. De Graef, J.S. Speck, and D.R. Clarke,
"TEM study of domain wall structures in antiferroelectric
materials,"
in Active Materials and Adaptive Structures, G.J. Knowles, Ed.
1992, pp. 8790, IOP Publishing Ltd.

[29] 
M. De Graef, J.P.A. Löfvander, C. McCullough, and C.G. Levi,
"The evolution of metastable b_{f} borides in a TiAlB alloy,"
Acta Metall. Mater., vol. 40, pp. 33953406, 1992.

[28] 
J.S. De Graef, M. Speck, D.R. Clarke, and D. Dimos,
"Electron microscopic study of domain boundaries in relaxor
ferroelectrics,"
in Mat. Res. Soc. Sym. Proc., 1992, vol. 243, pp. 314.

[27] 
J. Besson, M. De Graef, J.P.A. Löfvander, and S.M. Spearing,
"Fracture behavior and microstructure of MoSi_{2} reinforced
with ductile ellipsoidal Nb particles,"
Journal of Materials Science, vol. 27, pp. 41604166, 1992.

1991 (top)
[26] 
M. De Graef, J.P.A. Löfvander, and C.G. Levi,
"The structure of complex monoborides in gammaTiAl alloys with
Ta and B additions,"
Acta Metall. Mater., vol. 39, pp. 2381, 1991.

1990 (top)
[25] 
L. Delaey, T. Sugimoto, M. De Graef, and J. Van Humbeeck,
"Changes in stacking sequence of beta'_{1} martensite plates
interacting with particles,"
Scripta Metall. Mater., vol. 24, pp. 1163, 1990.

[24] 
J. Fransaer, M. De Graef, and J. Roos,
"The temperature distribution around a spherical particle on a
planar surface,"
J. Heat transfer, vol. 112, pp. 561, 1990.

[23] 
M. De Graef and L. Delaey,
"Numerical simulation of mechanical stability in
betaCuZnAl,"
Mat. Sci. Forum, vol. 5658, pp. 423428, 1990.

1989 (top)
[22] 
M. De Graef, B. Verlinden, and L. Delaey,
"Numerical simulations of the lattice stability of betaphase
HumeRothery alloys,"
in Mat. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc., 1989, vol. 141, p. 189.

[21] 
M. De Graef,
Bijdrage tot de studie van fazestabiliteit voor en na de
martensitische transformatie in betaCuZnAl legeringen,
Ph.D. thesis (in Flemish), Catholic University of Leuven, Belgium, 1989.

[20] 
D. Broddin, G. Van Tendeloo, J. Van Landuyt, S. Amelinckx, and M. De Graef,
"The long period antiphase boundary modulated structures in
Cu_{3+x}Al_{1x} alloys,"
Phil. Mag. A, vol. 59, pp. 979, 1989.

[19] 
G. Ceder, M. De Graef, L. Delaey, J. Kulik, and D. de Fontaine,
"A GorskyBraggWilliams approach to the study of long period
superlattice phases in binary alloys,"
Phys. Rev. B, vol. 39, pp. 381, 1989.

1988 (top)
[18] 
M. De Graef, L. Delaey, and D. Broddin,
"High resolution electron microscopic study of the Xphase in CuAl
and CuAlZn alloys,"
phys. stat. sol. (a), vol. 107, pp. 597, 1988.

[17] 
D. Broddin, M. De Graef, and J. Van Landuyt,
"Structure combination branching in the long period antiphase
boundary modulated Cu_{3+x}Al alloys,"
in Proc. EUREM, 1988, vol. 93 of Inst. Phys. Conf.
Ser., p. 487.

[16] 
M. De Graef, B. Verlinden, and L. Delaey,
"A new potential model for the description of lattice stability in
betaphase alloys,"
Scripta Met., vol. 22, pp. 1531, 1988.

[15] 
M. De Graef and L. Delaey,
"A new empirical twobody interaction potential fitted to second and
third order elastic moduli,"
phys. stat. sol. (b), vol. 146, pp. 427, 1988.

[14] 
M. De Graef, D. Broddin, J. Van Humbeeck, and L. Delaey,
"Phase transformations during stabilisation of CuZnAl
martensite,"
in Proc. Int. Conf. Solidsolid Phase transformations, G.W.
Lorimer, Ed., 1988, p. 86.

1987 (top)
[13] 
M. De Graef & D. Broddin,
"Long period superlattice phases in CuAlZn alloys,"
in Alloy Phase Stability, G.M. Stocks and A. Gonis, Eds., 1987,
vol. 163 of NATO ASI series, p. 119.

[12] 
D. Broddin, M. De Graef, G. Van Tendeloo, J. Van Landuyt, L. Delaey, and
S. Amelinckx,
"Long period superstructures in CuAl,"
Micr. Microsc. Acta, vol. 18, pp. 239, 1987.

[11] 
M. De Graef and J. Ortín,
"Hysteresis : a software package,"
Scripta Met., vol. 21, pp. I, 1987.

1986 (top)
[10] 
M. De Graef,
"HREM study of Ni_{2(1+x)}Ti_{1x}O_{4} spinels,"
J. of Electron Microscopy, vol. 35, pp. 817, 1986.

[9] 
M. De Graef, D. Broddin, J. Van Humbeeck, and L. Delaey,
"Study of long period APBstructures in CuZnAl alloys,"
J. of Electron Microscopy, vol. 35, pp. 845, 1986.

[8] 
M. De Graef, J. Van Humbeeck, and L. Delaey,
"Temobservations of stabilised CuZnAl martensite,"
in Proc. Int. Conf. on Martensitic transformations, 1986, p.
850.

1985 (top)
[7] 
M. De Graef, M. Andrade, J. Van Humbeeck, and L. Delaey,
"The stabilisation of stepquenched CuZnAl martensite,"
Scripta Met., vol. 19, pp. 643, 1985.

[6] 
M. De Graef, P. Seynen, and D.J.W. IJdo,
"Electron microscopic study of the system NiOTiO_{2}, Part
I : Ni_{2(1+x)}Ti_{1x}O_{4} compounds,"
J. Sol. Stat. Chem., vol. 58, pp. 643, 1985.

1984 (top)
[5] 
J. Van Humbeeck & L. Delaey M. De Graef,
"Changes at the martensite plate boundaries and stabilisation (TEM
observations),"
Tech. Rep. R84, KULeuven, 1984.

[4] 
M. De Graef, M. Bakker, M. Van Hemert, J. Van Landuyt, and S. Amelinckx,
"Structure models for betaMnGa_{2}S_{4} as derived from
electron diffraction and high resolution electron microscopy,"
J. Sol. Stat. Chem., vol. 55, pp. 133, 1984.

1983 (top)
[3] 
M. De Graef, M. Bakker, J. Van Landuyt, and S. Amelinckx,
"High resolution study of the manganese gallium sulfide
MnGa_{2}S_{4},"
in Proc. Joint Meeting on Electron Microscopy, 1983, p. 132.

[2] 
M. De Graef, D. Van Dyck, and J. Van Landuyt,
"On the symmetry properties of axial high resolution electron
micrographs,"
in Proc. 8th European Crystallographic Meeting, 1983, p. 302.

[1] 
M. De Graef,
"Hoge resolutie elektronenmicroscopie :  theoretische aspecten, 
studie van het systeem xMnSyGa_{2}S_{3},"
M.S. thesis, University of Antwerp, 1983.

